The prefrontal cortex is responsible for the executive functions of our brain - that is, the part of our mind that manages time, space, materials, and information. ADD and ADHD have been shown to play significant roles in diminishing executive functioning, which can drastically impact a student’s success in school:
This study examined the predictive relations from symptoms of Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and executive functioning (EF) to social and school functioning... At high levels of symptoms of inattention, the poorer the EF, the greater the need for special education. At high levels of symptoms of hyperactivity/impulsivity, the poorer the EF, the higher the levels of physical aggression...
- Sofia Diamantopoulou, Ann-Margret Rydell, Lisa B. Thorell & Gunilla Bohlin (2007) Impact of Executive Functioning and Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder on Children's Peer Relations and School Performance, Developmental Neuropsychology, 32:1, 521-542.
Fortunately, strategies and techniques have been developed to remediate the effects of executive dysfunction. Our tutors work multi-sensorily, allowing students to tap into other areas of their brain when faced with organizational tasks (which is why ADD/ADHD students are typically more creative!)